On this Day in 1968 - The First Astronauts Orbit the Moon.
On this Day in 1968, the Apollo 8 crew became the first astronauts to orbit the Moon.
Commander Frank Borman, Command Module Pilot James Lovell and Lunar Module Pilot William Anders became the first humans to:
- Travel beyond low Earth orbit
- See Earth as a whole planet
- Enter the gravity well of another celestial body (Earth's moon)
- Orbit another celestial body (Earth's moon)
- Directly see the far side of the Moon with their own eyes
- Witness an Earthrise (above image)
- Escape the gravity of another celestial body (Earth's moon)
- Re-enter the gravitational well of Earth
Apollo 8 took three days to travel to the Moon. It orbited ten times over the course of 20 hours, during which the crew made a Christmas Eve television broadcast . At the time the broadcast was the most watched TV program ever. Apollo 8's successful mission paved the way for Apollo 11 to fulfill U.S. President John F. Kennedy's goal of landing a man on the Moon before the end of the 1960s.
Apollo 8 Re-Entry.
Source : Wikipedia